Akershus Fortress is a medieval castle built in the late 13century to protect Oslo, and hosts two specifically interesting museums for Norwegian defence history.
The Norwegian Home Front museum is one of these two. The Home Front Museum is located on top of Akershus Fortress, and is the leading institution for Norwegian occupational history. The Norwegian Home Front museum displays information about the German occupation and the Norwegian resistanse during second world war 1940 to 1945.
It began as a fortified medieval castle in the 14th century, and was later transformed into a renaissance castle and surrounded by a modern bastion fortress. The castle has housed a number of different functions – the royal residence, administration and Government offices, court rooms, archives, and prisons. Today the beautifully furnished halls are used by the Government for official functions. The castle also houses the castle church and the royal mausoleum. We recommend our audio tour, which gives you an insight into the history of the castle.
The area Kvadraturen was founded by king Christian IV and consists of smooth and straight streets that creates the angled quarters – hence the name. You will also find Akershus Fortress, which has played an important role in Norwegian history.